Toulmin Model of Argument

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The Toulmin Model of Argument, created by Stephen Toulmin, consists of the following elements:

- Data

- A claim made due to the data

- A warrant (often implicit) given to support the inference of the claim from the data

- Possibly, a qualification added to the claim along with conditions of exception,

- Backing supplied to provide sufficient grounds for a warrant

Source: Toulmin, Stephen "The Layout of Arguments"

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