The dramatistic pentad was developed by Kenneth Burke, noted literary critic and rhetorical scholar. It is the core idea behind dramatism, which holds that all of life is a drama, and human motives can be examined using five elements with related questions, which form the pentad:
Act- What happened? What is the action? What is going on? What action; what thoughts?
Scene- Where is the act happening? What is the background situation?
Agent- Who is involved in the action? What are their roles?
Agency- How do the agents act? By what means do they act?
Purpose- Why do the agents act? What do they want?